Skin Conditions

Acne is the most common skin condition in the United States. Approximately 40-50 million Americans have acne. Some causes are excess oil on the skin, clogged pores, bacteria and inflammation.

The excess oil increases dramatically during adolescence. Excessive washing and scrubbing will not prevent nor cure acne.  It is recommended to gently wash the face once to twice a day with a mild cleanser and lukewarm water.  This will help to remove the excess of oil.

Acne should be properly treated. Picking, scratching and squeezing the acne lesions may cause scars. Acne treatments might take time to work but it exist different types of treatments. In order to recommend the right treatment dermatologist look at different factors including the acne severity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alopecia causes hair loss in small round patches that may go away on their own, or may last for many years. Some people may lose all scalp hair and body hair. Experts do not know why the immune system, attacks the hair follicles, which is where hair growth begins.

Alopecia is not contagious, it occurs in both genders and in every ethnic group. One in five persons with alopecia has a family member who also has the disease.

The treatments for Alopecia are not a cure. While treatments may promote hair growth, new patches of hair loss may continue to appear.

 

Moles are common and almost everyone has a few and some could develop hundreds.

Some moles have  the risk of becoming cancerous.   Performing regular skin checks  helps people recognize the early signs of a skin cancer. 

When examining your moles look for the ABCDEs of melanoma detection:

Asymmetry, one half unlike the other half

Border, irregular, scalloped or poorly defined border

Color, varied from one area to another; shades of tan and brown, black; sometimes white, red or blue

Diameter, melanomas are usually greater than 6mm when diagnosed, they can be smaller

Evolving, mole or skin lesion that looks different from the rest or is changing in size, shape or color.

It is recommended to have a complete skin check at least once a year. If a mole seems worrisome and displays one or more of the ABCDEs, promptly set up an appointment to see a Dermatologist.

Eczema is a common skin condition frequently described as an itchy rash/patch. Scratching often leads to redness, swelling, cracking, crusting ad scaling skin.  Constant scratching may cause skin damage and infections. Ten to twenty percent of children and one to three percent of adults develop atopic dermatitis, making it the most common type of eczema.

Impetigo is a highly contagious skin infection that mainly affects children. It is most likely to occur in a warm and humid environment and spreads by close contact. It usually appears as red sores and fluid-filled blisters. The blisters rupture leaving a rash that becomes a yellow crust. The most common areas for the sores to appear are around the mouth and nose but it can be spread to other areas of the body.  In order to recommend the right treatment dermatologist look at different factors including the severity.

Molluscum Contagious is a common skin disease. Caused by virus that spreads easily between people and is usually harmless. These growths appear between one week and several months after you came into contact with the virus. Molluscums are more common in children. However, anyone exposed to the virus may develop this disease.

 

Molluscum growths tend to be:
• Small
• Shiny
• Round of dome shaped
• White, pink or flesh colored
• Firm
• Dimpled or indented in the center

Growths can become swollen and sometimes they would itch.  They spread by having skin to skin contact or touching an object that previously touched a growth on someone’s skin.

Nail disorder affects a large number of adults. As we age, nails thicken and become more susceptible to fungal nail infections.  Fungal infections of nail can cause discoloration and abnormal growth.

Phototherapy, also known as Light Therapy,  is an FDA-cleared treatment for psoriasis, vitiligo, and other skin conditions.

The Narrow-Band UVB therapy is considered safe. A typical treatment protocol involves exposing your skin to UV light for a predetermined period of time and up to 3 times per week.

Psoriasis develops when the person’s immune system mistakenly activates a type of white blood cell called T cell.  The skin cells will growth too quickly and the body does not shed these skin cells causing the cells to pile up on the surface of the skin.
Psoriasis may look contagious but it is not! For psoriasis to appear, it seems that a person must inherit the genes. There are different types of Psoriasis but about 80% of the people living with psoriasis will develop plaque psoriasis.  This type causes patches frequently form on the elbows, knees and lower back but it can occur anywhere on the skin.

Rashes can show up in different forms, depending on the cause. They can appear as blisters, hives, blotches or welts.

They also can be red, itchy, dry or scaly.   Rashes can appear in one area of your body or spread all over your body.  Some rashes may come and go, while others never go away.  May seem easy to treat rashes with over the counter medications. However, some rashes can signal something more serious such us infections, skin allergies,  allergic reaction to medications.

Rather than treating the rash on your own , it is recommended to see a Board Certified Dermatologist fro proper diagnosis. 

Vitiligo causes the skin to lose its natural color. Because this affects a person’s appearance, many people consider vitiligo a “cosmetic problem.” Cosmetic means the problem only affects the way a person looks.

People get vitiligo when their body attacks its own melanocytes, the cells that give our skin, hair, and other areas of the body color.

These cells live in the skin, hair, lips, mouth (inside of), nostrils, genitals, rectum, eyes, and inner ear. When the body attacks them, the result can be a few light-colored patches on the skin. Others see widespread loss of skin color. Hair can develop a white streak. This can happen to hair anywhere on the body, including the top of the head, an eyebrow, or eyelash. If the body attacks these cells in the inner ear, the person may develop hearing loss.

What causes the body to attack these cells is not entirely understood. Scientists do not completely understand why these cells die .Vitiligo may be an autoimmune disease. These diseases happen when the person’s immune system mistakenly attacks some part of the body. If the body mistakes melanocytes as foreigners, it will attack and kill these cells.

Some patients are able to get their skin color back by treating the affected areas with Narrow Band UVB therapy .

The warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is contagious, very easy to get when skin to skin contact happens.

The type of warts you get depends on the type of HPV that infects you and where it is located.

Types of warts are :
• Common
• Plantar
• Flat
• Genital

The best way to prevent new warts is by:
• Do not touch someone’s wart
• Not picking or scratching at the warts. This can spread the virus to other part of your body
• Always wear flip-flops in pool areas, locker rooms, public showers and bathtubs.
• Keep feet dry
• Warts are common  and should not cause you to worry. Our team of Dermatologist can take care of you.

When the Diagnosis is Psoriasis, the Treatment is Clear, XTRAC

XTRAC is the only FDA-cleared, clinically proven excimer laser that gets skin clear of psoriasis—and it works fast, with many patients seeing significant improvement and long-lasting remissions. Because XTRAC delivers a highly targeted, therapeutic beam of UVB light only to areas of the skin affected by psoriasis, healthy skin surrounding the lesions stays that way.

XTRAC clears the symptoms, prolongs the remission and returns skin to a clinically healthy state in record time. All of which means XTRAC delivers consistently predictable results so patients experience more good days of living than bad.

QUICK FACTS

  • Effective treatment—symptoms reduced generally in 10-12 treatment sessions
  • Long-lasting relief—typically several months free of symptoms”
  • Simple, painless treatment—sessions are very short
  • Relief without messy creams and daily skin care regimen
  • Covered by most major insurance companies

Disclaimer
Results may vary, talk to your doctor about the right treatment protocol for you.
Side Effects/Risks: XTRAC has none of the drawbacks often associated with other psoriasis treatments-such as premature aging of healthy skin, skin thinning, resistance to medication, or potential negative systemic side effects. Some patients, however, experience a reaction similar to sunburn or blistering at the site of the treated area and in some cases, an increase in pigmentation may occur.